Advanced Dentistry in Southaven and Hernando
At Advanced Dental & TMJ Center, our team provides personalized advanced dentistry backed by years of professional experience. If you have any questions about our services, please do not hesitate to ask.
Periodontal (Gum) Disease Treatment
Gum disease, or periodontal disease, is a continuous bacterial infection in the gums and in the bone surrounding the teeth. Gum disease is a “quiet” disease affecting millions of Americans that usually progresses without pain or discomfort until it is severe. Gum disease is the leading cause of tooth loss and has been linked to serious health conditions such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, respiratory disease, osteoporosis, and cancer.
As a board certified periodontist, Dr. Adatrow is highly trained in diagnosing, treating, and preventing gum disease. He can remove the disease-causing bacteria, restore your oral health, and in many cases, reverse the damage that was caused by the disease.
Causes of Gum Disease
Although plaque accumulation and the resulting infection and inflammation is the principal cause of gum disease, there are several factors that make you more susceptible and can make the disease progress faster.
- Systemic Health Problems — Health problems such as diabetes, respiratory disease, heart disease, and autoimmune disorders may contribute to gum disease.
- Poor Diet — Lack of proper nutrition may cause chronic adverse health symptoms, making you susceptible to gum disease.
- Genetics — An estimated 50% of the population is genetically predisposed to gum disease.
- Female Hormonal Changes — Hormonal changes can sometimes make the gums more sensitive and make it easier for gum disease to develop.
- Smoking — A recent study indicates that the most damaging types of bacteria for gum health are found in smokers’ mouths.
- Medications/Treatments for Other Health Problems — Some medications reduce the production and flow of saliva. Without enough saliva, the mouth is more vulnerable to gum disease. Certain treatments for diseases can weaken the resistance of the gums, or cause excess gum tissue to grow, which makes the gums and teeth harder to clean.
- Poor Quality Dentistry — Bacteria can accumulate beneath poor-fitting bridges or crowns.
Gum Disease Symptoms
If you have any of the following symptoms, you should visit us and get a full examination. We will check if you have gum disease and if so, how severely it has progressed.
- Consistent bad breath that will not go away
- Red or swollen gums
- Bleeding or tender gums
- Gums that have pulled away from your teeth
- Receding gums or teeth that appear longer than normal
- Teeth that have shifted position
- Loose teeth
- An abscess coming from below the gumline
Stages of Gum Disease
Dr. Adatrow can determine the extent of periodontitis by gently measuring the depth of your gum pockets using a small probe.
- Gingivitis — A bacterial infection of the gums only. There is some redness and non-painful swelling of the gums, and the gums may bleed when brushing. If the bacterial infection is fully treated by thorough cleaning, health can be easily restored.
- Mild Periodontitis — The infection has started to destroy the ligament and bone surrounding the tooth. The gum pocket depth is greater than 3mm on up to 5 mm.
- Moderate Periodontitis — The ligament bone supporting the tooth has been further lost. The gum pocket depth is now between 5 and 7mm.
- Severe Periodontitis — Bone loss has become severe, and pocket depth is 7mm or greater. Teeth can become loose at this point and may have to be removed.